Virginia Vehicle Titles

Signing a Vehicle Title in Virginia – Private Party Sale

When selling a vehicle privately in Virginia, it is important to properly sign the vehicle title to transfer ownership to the buyer. Additionally, a Bill of Sale is highly recommended to document the details of the transaction. Following the instructions below will help ensure a smooth and legal transfer of the vehicle:

1. Obtain a Vehicle Title:

– The seller must have a valid Virginia vehicle title in their name.

– If there is a lien on the vehicle, it must be paid off before selling it privately.

2. Complete the Vehicle Information:

– Fill out the “Seller” section on the front of the title, including your name, address, and the vehicle’s mileage.

– Record the sales price in the “Purchase Price” field, and indicate whether it is below or above the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA) average retail value.

3. Sign the Title:

– The seller must sign and print their name in the “Signature of Seller” and “Printed Name of Seller” sections.

– Ensure the signature matches the name as it appears on the front of the title.

4. Record the Odometer Reading:

– Provide the accurate mileage on the “Odometer Reading” section of the title.

– Be sure to check the box indicating whether the mileage listed is accurate or if it is not the actual mileage.

5. Provide the Title to the Buyer:

– Once all the necessary information has been completed and signed, the seller should provide the signed title to the buyer.

6. Complete a Bill of Sale:

– While not required by law, it is advisable to complete a Bill of Sale for your records.

– The Bill of Sale should include the vehicle’s make, model, year, VIN, date of sale, sales price, buyer and seller names, and addresses.

– Both the buyer and seller should sign and retain a copy of the Bill of Sale.

It is important to note that if the vehicle is ten years old or newer, the buyer must obtain a passing vehicle inspection before transferring the title in their name.

Remember, these instructions are intended as a general guide, and it is recommended to consult the Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) for specific requirements or any additional documents needed during the private party vehicle sale process.

Virginia Department of Motor Vehicles